Diabetic ulcers have been the inherent enemy of man for ages now, and these people tend to suffer from these daily and that too quite commonly, so much so that you are highly likely to already have experienced them, probably, more than a couple of times.
Diabetic ulcers are the same, only this term is used for diabetic patients. This is because diabetes tends to make an individual more prone to having sores and ulcers.
But this is more common than you might think it is, ulcerations connected to diabetes are the most cause of foot ulcers and about 15% of people with diabetes are most likely to develop foot ulcers.
These are most likely to appear in one’s feet and legs – a foot ulcer looks like a red fissure in the skin which may or may not be surrounded by a thick, calloused skin.
But, they also tend to form around in other places in your body like your hands, stomach, mouth, etc…
But why do these happen? Well, let’s take a look at that now.
According to studies and research, diabetic peripheral neuropathy or nerve damage is the provoking factor in about 90% of diabetic foot ulcers.
Chronically, high blood sugar levels tend to damage nerves, including the motor, sensory, as well as autonomic nerves.
Additionally, diabetic peripheral neuropathy also damages the immune system and severely impairs the body’s ability to fight infections.
This is yet another one of the most common and widespread causes of diabetic foot ulcers. It refers to congestion and slowing of blood circulation in the veins that result from a failure of the valves in the veins of the leg.
Lower extremity ischemia in simpler terms is a lack of blood flow that tends to arise due to peripheral artery disease and is a primary cause of diabetic ulcers
Diabetes can damage blood vessels by causing inflammation or hardening of the arteries which further causes ischemia, a condition wherein the blood circulation in the arteries gets restricted and the availability of imperative nutrients to tissues in the body significantly reduces.
And this in turn increases the risk of an ulcer becoming infected and healing slowly, or not at all in certain conditions.
Other risk factors that are associated with the formation of diabetic foot ulcers include:
This includes poor circulation, use of footwear that doesn’t suit one’s foot condition, irritability or lack of feeling in the foot, and foot deformities as well to some extent.
Cigarette smoking is also a serious risk factor when it comes to diabetic foot ulcers. And its effects have been shown right from worsening neuropathy to extremely slow healing.
The most common signs and symptoms of a diabetic foot ulcer include the occurrence of drainage on the individual’s socks, redness and/or swelling in that specific area, and a typical odor if the infection has increased.
Diabetic ulcers are of quite serious concern as these can be dangerous for diabetic patients and that is primarily because their already impaired immune system makes it difficult for their body to fight infections.
Thereby makes it worse and increases the risk of more local and/or severe infections.
So, before it gets any worse, one should consult their trusted doctor as soon as possible for the treatment of diabetic ulcers so that antibiotic therapy can be initiated.
Some other ways in which you could fasten the pace of the treatment are:
If there is no progress or if the infection is spreading and the wound is worsening, then it is best to consider a doctor and try out surgical options as soon as possible.
Prevention is always better than cure. So make sure you keep the following preventive measures in mind and take the necessary precautions that will help you with the risk reduction of diabetic ulcers.
So, stay away from diabetic ulcer infections by thoroughly applying these preventive measures and in case you get an ulcer, strictly adhere to the treatment procedures.